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Topnotch
آموزش زبان انگلیسی آمریکایی
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تاریخ : 1390/12/20

Meaning of "a close second" and "a distant second"?

7 Surefire Tips On Capturing Expressions
In your first sentence you say Harvard is the best while Yale is a close second. If you was a student who had studied at Yale, you might claim this to be the exact opposite.
However in England we have horse racing and sometimes there is a photo finish to decide the winner and runner up. In this case the runner up is a close second.
Not sure about your second statement, accepted I do agree that Japanese manufacturing of cars far outstrips those other makes for reliability. and again if you've driven either make of car, you would be able to make a fair judgement on the quality of each. I suppose a distant second would not be as close to the winner of a race. But I don't think I would use that phrase to distinguish the best quality of cars.

It's an expression based on the positions that one may come in a competition or race, "first, second, third,"Second means, the one after the first position. "Close second" means, the distance between first and second position is close.Likewise "distant second" means, the distance between first and second position is further away.






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